Fabric 22 - Black Burnished ware, type 1 (BB1)

Hard fired with abundant sub-angular quartz grains (<1.0mm) but rarely exceeding 0.5mm), some sparse white calcareous inclusions (<1.5mm) and occasional pieces of shale (<4.0mm) (Williams 1977, 163-220).
Reduced to a dark grey or black throughout.

Varies according to form. Jars are generally characterised by zones of burnishing with a band of incised decoration (commonly lattice) around the middle of the body. The inner surfaces are either untreated or wiped, although the burnishing often covers the interior of the everted rim. Open vessels such as bowls and dishes are usually decorated on both surfaces with a combination of burnishing and/or wiping. Incised decoration commonly consists of lattice or intersecting arcs. Later vessels (3rd to 4th century) may have been slipped but this is often difficult to identify.
Worgret, DORSET
Widely distributed throughout western and north-western areas of England and Wales. Found on most sites in Worcestershire, although in smaller quantities on those which have a high proportion of Malvernian wares (Fabrics 3 and 19). This would appear to be the result of competition between the two industries, with both largely producing cooking vessels.
2 related kilns
Roman (1st to 4th century)
The production of BB1 is a continuation of the late pre-Roman Iron Age Durotrigian industry. The assumed date for the arrival of this ware in Worcestershire is c.AD120, the date at which the Durotrigian potters are believed to have captured the whole of the western and northern military markets (Gillam 1976, 57).

Surface treatment
Pattern burnishing

Core colour
Int surface colour
Ext surface colour
DB ID Modified Description Frequency Size Sorting Rounding
146 0 Quartz Abundant Medium Sub-angular
147 0 White calcareous fragments Sparse Coarse
148 0 Shale Sparse Coarse Ill-sorted